Some of the largest bird in the world can surpass even the height of NBA players and boast wingspans wider than a king-size bed.
With nearly 10,000 species, birds on Earth exhibit a diverse range of shapes and sizes.
ranging from the diminutive bee hummingbird to the colossal ostrich.
Below, we present a list of 6 of the most massive birds that call our planet home.
1.Ostriches – 344 pounds (104-157 kilograms)
Ostriches (Struthio camelus) claim the title of the world’s largest living birds, boasting an average mass of 104-157 kg and an average length of 210 cm.
They lay the largest eggs and hold the record for the fastest land speed among all birds, clocking in at 70 kmph.
Moreover, ostriches are believed to possess the largest eyes of any land vertebrate, measuring a substantial 50 mm in diameter.
While native to Africa, ostriches are now cultivated across the globe, primarily for their feathers, sought-after skin used in leather goods, and delectable meat.
In 2014, the Somali ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) earned distinction as a separate species, distinct from the common ostrich.
2.Cassowaries – Average of 45 kilograms
The southern cassowary, which you might also call the double-wattled cassowary, Australian cassowary, or two-wattled cassowary, typically weighs about 45 kg and measures around 155 cm in length.
These birds can be found in northeastern Australia, Indonesia, and New Guinea.
On the other hand, northern cassowaries, known as the single (one)-wattled cassowary or golden-necked cassowary, are a bit smaller, with an average weight of 44 kg and an average length of 149 cm.
They’re native specifically to northern New Guinea.
3.Emus – Average Of 33 kilograms
Emus, scientifically known as Dromaius novaehollandiae, make Australia their home.
They are the world’s second tallest living birds and can reach towering heights of up to 190 cm.
On average, they weigh around 33 kg. Interestingly, female emus tend to be a bit larger than their male counterparts, and they have notably wider rumps.
Emus have adapted for speed and, despite their inability to fly, possess vestigial wings.
When they run, they flap these wings to help stabilize themselves. They sport only three toes and have a reduced number of bones and foot muscles.
A unique feature of emus is the presence of gastrocnemius muscles in the back of their lower legs, a distinction among birds.
4.Emperor Penguins – 101 pounds (46 kilograms)
no 4. Largest Bird In The World
Emperor penguins, scientifically known as Aptenodytes forsteri, are native to Antarctica and stand out as the tallest and heaviest among all penguin species.
They typically weigh an average of 31.5 kg and reach a towering height of 114 cm.
During the breeding season, male Emperor penguins go through a remarkable transformation, shedding up to 15 kg of weight.
This weight loss occurs because they abstain from eating for over two months while diligently safeguarding their eggs from the extreme cold.
Despite being flightless, like all penguins, Emperor penguins have successfully adapted to the harsh conditions of their environment, which is known to be the coldest among all breeding birds.
Their feathers play a crucial role, offering up to 90% of their insulation. Remarkably, they can regulate their core body temperature without affecting their metabolism.
In contrast, King penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus), which weigh an average of 13.6 kg and measure 92 cm in length.
They choose to breed on Subantarctic islands, as well as in regions like Tierra del Fuego, the Falkland Islands, and other temperate islands.