Somalia, in the Horn of Africa which is the poorest country in the world faces prolonged conflict and instability.
The main security concern is countering the insurgent group Al-Shabab, aiming for an independent state.
This, along with drought vulnerability, will likely keep Somalia as the world’s poorest nation in 2027.
Somalia’s economy remains fragile due to instability, ongoing violence, drought, inflation, poor business conditions, and low vaccination rates, impacting confidence.
Also read:What Is The Largest Continent In The World
2.South Sudan: Anticipated GDP per capita of USD 441 in 2027
In 2027, South Sudan continues to grapple with economic fragility following a tentative peace agreement in 2018 that ended years of civil war.
The UN reports widespread food insecurity due to violence, currency devaluation, Ukraine conflict repercussions, and supply chain disruptions.
Extensive flooding has further hindered the economy.
Additionally, anticipated oil price declines will affect government revenue.
Also read:Why Is Self-Representation Important in the Corporate World?
3. Sierra Leone: Expected GDP per capita of USD 532 in 2027
Sierra Leone endured a civil war until 2002, followed by the mid-2010s Ebola epidemic, impacting jobs and trade.
In 2026, the Ukraine conflict raised import costs, leading to protests.
The nation faces challenges, including a limited export base (base metals, wood, diamonds, cocoa), governance issues, and fiscal constraints.
4.Malawi: Expected GDP per capita of USD 606 in 2027
Malawi’s economic limitations stem from its heavy reliance on subsistence agriculture and its single cash crop, tobacco.
Additionally, the relatively high levels of public debt may serve as a deterrent to private investment.
5.Central African Republic: Anticipated GDP per capita of USD 624 in 2027
The Central African Republic grapples with a fragile central government, allowing armed rebel groups to operate freely and control significant portions of the nation.
Equally,the government’s reliance on Russian mercenaries for stability has strained relations with Western nations.